What Next After the English Tribunal Blocked the Football Agent Service Fee Cap?


You may have seen in the last week that the ruling of an English arbitration tribunal has caused another significant blow to FIFA’s efforts to standardise football agent regulations across the globe. The ruling, which declares FIFA’s service fee cap and quarterly payment restrictions non-compliant with English competition law, is the latest in a series of legal challenges against the governing body’s regulations but perhaps the most damaging for the FFAR so far. With England being the latest and most financially influential football nation to reject FIFA’s regulatory ambitions, this blog will explore what this means in the context of Universal and consistent implementation of the new FIFA Football Agent Regulations (FFAR).

The Ongoing Trend Across Europe

The recent ruling in the UK is part of a turbulent pattern that has been seen so far in several of Europe’s most powerful football nations, such as Germany, Spain, France, and Italy. In each of these countries, FIFA has already encountered significant hurdles and legal obstacles in its attempts to enforce the proposed agent regulations such as a complete injunction in Germany and blocks on aspects such as the commission cap and multiple representation in other countries. 

These ongoing legal challenges have collectively undermined FIFA’s regulations and underscored the formidable legal challenges involved in attempting to standardise agent regulations within the intricate and multifaceted landscape of the football industry. The fact that such issues persist in multiple key European markets emphasises the embedded complexities and intricacies that surround the regulation of football agents on a global scale and may cause substantial delays and reformation to the FFAR as it currently stands.

The English Tribunal Ruling

Put simply, the English tribunal has issued a ruling that blocks the implementation of the service fee caps and outlines a new schedule for service fee payments to football agents. However, it is important to note that this ruling does not provide clarification or specific guidance on other elements of the FIFA Football Agent Regulations. As a result, aspects such as the requirement to take an exam for the new licensing system currently remain unaffected by this tribunal decision. The ruling primarily addresses the contentious issue of service fees and their payment structure, leaving other components of the regulations intact and subject to their respective interpretation and enforcement.

Three Possible Next Steps

Now that FIFA faces another setback, the big question is how the organisation will respond to this increasingly complex legal landscape. Three possible outcomes have been outlined:

  1. Acceptance and Reversal: In the face of mounting legal challenges and the recent significant setback in England, FIFA may find itself at a crossroads. One possible course of action for the governing body could involve a reluctant acceptance of defeat and a complete abandonment of the proposed agent regulations. Such a move would entail a thorough reversal of FIFA’s previous stance, effectively erasing the regulatory framework it had sought to implement and returning to as we were before following the 2015 deregulation of agents. 

This would not only signify a major U-turn for FIFA but also raise questions about the potential to assert authority and influence over the football agent industry and whether it is a feasible option for the future. For any future success, it would require FIFA to acknowledge the limitations of the current FFAR approach and potentially prompt a comprehensive reevaluation of its strategies and objectives in regulating football agents on a globally consistent scale.

2. Partial Implementation: Alternatively, FIFA might opt for a more nuanced approach by proceeding with the implementation of the new regulations while strategically omitting the contentious service fee cap and potentially other key aspects of the FFAR, whilst maintaining the enforcement of the new licensing and exam process amongst other things. 

In taking this path, FIFA would aim to strike a delicate balance between regulatory control and appeasement of stakeholders, more coherently with the legal issues raised in the ongoing and concluded court cases. For example, by excluding the service fee cap, FIFA could potentially avoid some of the legal pitfalls that have plagued its broader regulatory efforts. 

This strategic compromise would demonstrate FIFA’s willingness to adapt and listen to the concerns of various industry players while maintaining some authority over agent fees. However, it would also require FIFA to carefully navigate the challenges of enforcing other regulations effectively and ensuring that the omitted component does not create unintended consequences within the industry’s ecosystem.

3. Inclusive Consultation: FIFA might choose a more inclusive and collaborative approach by proactively initiating a fresh consultation process with a wide spectrum of industry stakeholders, particularly focusing on active and leading agents and agencies. This visionary approach aims to harness the collective wisdom and expertise within the football agent community to co-create a regulatory framework that embodies broad acceptance and viability, avoiding points of contention.

Through this inclusive consultation, FIFA would seek to establish a platform for meaningful dialogue, where agents, agencies, and other key industry figures could voice their concerns, share insights, and propose solutions in a more collaborative and conducive environment. By actively engaging with those most intimately involved in football representation, FIFA would demonstrate its commitment to fostering a regulatory environment that respects the interests and needs of all parties involved.

The potential outcome of this inclusive consultation process could be the development of a regulatory framework that is not only universally accepted but also better aligned with the dynamic and evolving landscape of the football industry. This approach would signify FIFA’s dedication to achieving regulatory harmony through collaboration and could pave the way for a more transparent, efficient, legally sound, and feasible agent regulatory system in the world of football.

Implications for FIFA and Agents

The implications stemming from FIFA’s response to this pivotal ruling are multifaceted and hold considerable significance for both the organisation itself and the agents and intermediaries operating within the football industry.

FIFA’s response to this ruling will serve as a test of its adaptability in the face of mounting legal challenges and objectionable rulings. It will not only demonstrate FIFA’s capacity to navigate complex legal terrain but also underscore its commitment to collaborative governance within the global football community. The decisions and actions taken by FIFA in the wake of this ruling will carry profound implications for its standing as the governing body of world football.

For agents and intermediaries, the implications of this ruling are substantial. While the exact details of the tribunal’s decision remain undisclosed, it appears that the imposition of caps on service fees and restrictions on payment schedules will not be enforced in England. This development ushers in a period of uncertainty and potential transformation in the realm of agent regulations within the country. Agents will need to closely monitor the evolving landscape and adapt their practices accordingly, navigating the changing dynamics of player representation in English football.

The absence of these regulations also opens up various possibilities for the future of agent regulations in England. The football industry may witness shifts in fee structures, payment schedules, and overall agent-client relationships as a result of this decision. Agents and intermediaries will need to be agile and proactive in responding to these changes while also ensuring compliance with any alternative regulations that may emerge.


As the football world eagerly awaits FIFA’s next move in this ongoing legal and regulatory saga, one thing is clear: the landscape of agent regulations is undergoing a seismic shift. The recent ruling in the UK underscores the challenges faced by FIFA in its quest to standardise regulations across the globe. It also highlights the need for collaboration and inclusivity in shaping the future of agent regulations in football. As the situation continues to evolve, we will watch this space closely for updates and developments in this high-stakes game of regulation and compliance.

by Dr. Erkut Sogut & Jamie Khan

  • Hallo,..I’m a professional football player..but since 11 years I came to Germany I was not able to archive my football career..now I’m 38 and I’m still fit to play maybe in second league..can someone help me out there..I don’t want my football career to end like that.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *