Navigating the Complex Terrain of FIFA Football Agent Regulations: A Global Perspective Summary


In this blog, we dive into the latest developments in FIFA’s football agent regulations and their varied implications across different countries. This comprehensive analysis aims to unravel the complexities of these regulations and their impact on agents worldwide.

FIFA’s New Agent Regulations: 

  • The Beginning:

In December 2022, during the World Cup in Qatar, FIFA announced the new agent regulations, later made public on January 9, 2023. However, these regulations have been met with varied responses in different countries, leading to legal challenges and ongoing court decisions.

  • The German Standpoint: A Prelude to Divergence:

In Germany, courts in cities like Hannover, Mainz, and Dortmund have taken different stances. Notably, the Dortmund court issued a preliminary injunction, halting the application of these regulations in Germany due to conflicts with national and European laws.

  • England’s Pending Decision:

England awaits a crucial ruling from its sports arbitrational court, due on November 30, 2023. Until then, English agents continue to operate under their national federation’s guidelines, setting a stage for possible deviation from FIFA’s regulations.

  • The Netherlands and Belgium: Seeking Guidance:

Courts in both the Netherlands and Belgium have deferred the matter to the European Court of Justice, highlighting the growing complexity and uncertainty in the application of FIFA’s regulations.

  • Spain

In Spain, a recent temporary court order has emerged, taking aim at FIFA’s execution of the FFAR.

A Court in Madrid has issued a formal order to both FIFA and the RFEF (the Spanish national association), directing them to refrain from implementing the service fee limitation outlined in both the FFAR and the RFEF’s domestic implementing regulations.

Currently, this order serves as a provisional interim measure, with the full legal proceedings linked to the challenge in Spain still unfolding. Nevertheless, it introduces a captivating dimension to the ongoing situation, particularly as we eagerly anticipate the outcome of a comparable challenge initiated by a small group of English agencies challenging the incorporation of the FFAR and NFAR in England.

  • France and Italy’s Stance: Non-Implementation:

Both France and Italy have chosen not to implement FIFA’s regulations, partly influenced by the situation in Germany and concerns over competitive balance in the industry. In France, the FFF has informed FIFA of their intention to disregard commission caps for the time being and uphold their existing national regulations. Their rationale is to maintain France’s competitive position on the international stage for agents and leagues alike. Italy has also clearly expressed its intention to allow restrictions on dual representation between players and selling clubs, contrary to the FFAR.

  • Global Landscape: Varied Responses and Legal Battles:

Countries like Turkey and the United States are yet to clarify their positions, while legal challenges are brewing in Switzerland, Austria, and Spain. The global agent community is increasingly looking towards collective action in response to these regulations.

Analysis and Conclusion:

The widespread non-implementation and legal challenges in major footballing nations like Germany, England, France, Italy, and potentially Spain, suggest a disconnect between FIFA’s intentions and the practical realities faced by agents. The lack of broader consultation with the agent community has led to numerous court cases and a fragmented regulatory landscape. 

The best course for FIFA might be to pause these regulations worldwide and await the European Court of Justice’s decision, which could provide a unified legal framework. Moving forward, it is crucial for agents to unite, ensuring their voices are integral in shaping policies that directly affect their profession.

Looking Ahead:

In our next blog post, we will analyse the potential outcomes of the European Court of Justice’s decision, providing a deeper legal perspective on what lies ahead for football agents and FIFA.

by Dr. Erkut Sogut & Jamie Khan

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