January Football Transfer Window Preview

January Football Transfer Window Preview


The winter transfer window is an intriguing period in the world of football. It occurs at different times across various national football associations and typically lasts for just one month. In contrast to the more extended summer transfer window, the winter window often sees fewer deals and lower spending. This article delves into the dynamics of the winter transfer window, the factors influencing it, and how agents can navigate this unique period to benefit their clients.

Timing and Duration:

For most national football associations, the winter transfer window takes place in the middle of the season, primarily during the month of January. However, there are exceptions to this rule, with some countries having different schedules. Due to its brief duration, the winter window usually witnesses slower business compared to the summer pre-season window. 

One of the key markets that differ from this pattern is Major League Soccer in the United States as the winter window is their longer window in between seasons. This is also the case in South American leagues. As it is a pre-season window, the emphasis amongst the franchises is on bolstering rosters to bring in top talents ahead of the next MLS campaign. Hence, the market is a lot more active, particularly in certain regions as the MLS commonly recruits from South American markets as well as talents out of Europe. With Lionel Messi’s presence, alongside other big names, continuing to accelerate the growth of the league, rumours such as Luis Suarez joining his older Barcelona teammate and other exciting prospects coming to the league are more frequent and well-founded.

Club Reluctance to Spend:

One of the key factors contributing to the quieter winter transfer market is the reluctance of clubs to make significant financial investments mid-season unless they are facing a pressing need. While there are exceptions, such as the high-profile transfer of Ferran Torres from Manchester City to Barcelona for around €55 million in the January window of the 2021-22 season, such deals are relatively rare. Agents should not dismiss the possibility of winter transfers, as the football market remains unpredictable, and clubs might pursue urgent deals when necessary. 

It will be fascinating to see if this pattern continues in the upcoming window as it has been seen previously. There is some suggestion that with the drastic extraordinary activity of the Saudi Pro-League recruitment, we could see a far higher volume of high value transfer rumours and even deals that materialise in the upcoming window. This is also partly due to several of football’s top stars that have been surrounded by large speculation over the last few windows nearing the end of their contracts. Hence, for the likes of Kylian Mbappe and the Real Madrid speculation, Saudi’s pursuit of Mo Salah, and Victor Osimhen’s infamous fall out with Napoli in the last few months, there is a possibility we may see these headline transfers progress and even complete in the January window.

One trend which is also worth noting is that some clubs will be far more active in the January window than others, and this is due to a number of factors. These factors are predominantly influenced by the club’s performance in the season so far. For example, clubs that are still in domestic or international competitions will look to invest in players that can increase their chances of continued success in the tournaments. Particularly for major clubs still in the UEFA Champions League, they will have already received good income from their progression past the group stage and will want to reinvest in bolstering their squad with non-cup-tied players that enhance their campaign to go all the way. 

The Prevalence of Loan Deals:

The general rule, however, is that instead of heavy spending clubs often seek short-term solutions, leading to a higher prevalence of loan deals in the winter window. Clubs may target specific player profiles or positions to bolster their squads until the end of the season. Across many of the top leagues, injuries, perhaps caused by large volumes of games and travelling, have been a significant problem for many teams who have lost key players to long-term injuries. Loan deals allow clubs to fill these vacancies temporarily in the hope that they will return to full fitness for next season. This strategy allows them to address immediate needs and assess their options more thoroughly in preparation for the summer transfer window. 

The Role of Agents:

Agents can play a crucial role in facilitating loan deals and permanent deals in the January window that benefit both their clients and the clubs. As an agent, it’s essential to assess and predict the winter transfer window’s potential outcomes well in advance. Hopefully this blog will begin to give you an idea of which areas you as an agent should be considering and analysing in the lead up to the window and it’s important to understand that generally discussions and offers occur well before January, and the best agents have a deep understanding of the current football market to give them the best advantage when the window opens. By closely monitoring market trends, agents can identify clubs‘ needs that align with their clients‘ profiles or positions. Approaching clubs with meaningful opportunities rather than irrelevant offers is crucial for maintaining a positive reputation and building strong relationships.

For example, if a club is facing defensive issues with multiple injuries and a struggling defender, offering them a forward player may not be productive. Instead, proposing a solution to bolster their defensive options until the end of the season can be more appealing. This could result in a loan deal with an option or obligation to buy, benefiting both the player and the club.

Additionally, clubs may be interested in loaning out younger players to gain match fitness and experience. Agents representing such players must assess whether a loan move is a beneficial career step for their clients.

During the January window it is also worth being very alert and attentive to quickly pick up on possible opportunities. Often, many agents will look at the demands of clubs they are close to and aim to broker deals during the shorter window once they have received requests from their contacts. It is imperative that agents have also built good relationships with others in the business and it is worth striking up conversations prior to the window to see if there are opportunities and players looking to move that are worth discussing. 


The upcoming 2024 winter transfer window, as always, presents a unique set of challenges and opportunities for agents and clubs alike. While it may not witness the same level of activity as the summer window, nor the unprecedented activity of the Saudi Pro-League, it offers the chance to address pressing needs and make strategic moves. Agents who stay ahead of market trends and approach clubs with purposeful opportunities can thrive during this period, benefiting both their clients and the footballing world as a whole. As the 2024 winter transfer window approaches, agents and clubs will once again engage in high-stakes discussions to shape the short and long-term future of football.


by Dr. Erkut Sogut & Jamie Khan

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